Blackjack is a game in which the choice made by the player directly affects the outcome. It is necessary to outline a strategy in advance and make decisions according to it. Blackjack strategies are based not on assumptions but on mathematical calculations.
The history of blackjack can be traced back to the 17th century. At that time in French gambling houses there was a game called Vingt-et-Un, which means “21” in French. Its rules are very similar to those of modern blackjack with the only difference that in Vingt-et-Un the dealer can double his bet. Historians believe that Vingt-et-Un originated from the famous games called Chemin de Fer and French Ferme.
How many versions of blackjack are there?
There are many options for the game, only the most common are described below:
- The dealer stops with a hard total of 17 – the classic blackjack rules when the dealer draws a card if his total is less than 17 or he has a soft total of 17 (with an ace).
- The dealer stops with a soft hand of 17 points – the dealer must stop drawing cards if the sum of his points is 17 (including an ace).
- 21 blackjack duels – splitting, doubling and insurance are not allowed. All bets are paid 1: 1. And the only goal is to defeat the dealer.
- Ideal pair – game with 5 decks of cards, there is an additional bonus bet
- Face up blackjack – all dealer’s cards are dealt face down.
What terms should a newbie in blackjack need to use?
The game uses a number of terms that can be confusing for a beginner. To prevent this from happening to you, we give the meanings of the main ones.
Dealer, croupier (Dealer) – a representative of the casino against whom the game is being played. In online casinos, the process of distributing cards is automated.
Hand (Hand) – a set of cards held by a player or dealer (consists of at least 2 cards).
Blackjack (BJ) is the best combination in the game (it consists of an ace + any card of 10 points). She wins all other combinations, including any others that add up to 21 points.
Bust – a case when the sum of points in the hand is more than 21 points. This is an automatic loss for the player.
Draw (Push or Stay) – a situation when the player and the dealer have the same number of points (the bet is returned to the player).
Winnings – the inscription “Winnings are paid 1 to 1” means that the player doubles his money if he wins. You can often find on the tables “Blackjack pays 3 to 2” (“Blackjack is paid 3 to 2”). This means that when the player wins, he receives his bet + the amount, which is 1.5 times larger, that is, the total winnings will be 2.5 bets.
Deal cards – in online blackjack, pressing this button starts a new deal.
More (Hit) – deal another card.
Sufficient (Stand) – when the player is happy with the number of points in his hand and does not take more cards.
Surrender – the ability to surrender during the game and get half of your bet.
Insurance – an additional bet equal in size to half of the usual, which can be wagered if the dealer’s up card is an ace. If the dealer has blackjack after opening the second card, the player wins the amount 2 times more than the additional bet, but loses the main one. If the dealer does not have blackjack, then the insurance rate is in favor of the casino.
Shoe – A plastic tray containing decks of cards. The dealer deals the cards from the shoe.
Ten (Ten) – abbreviated name of all pictures and ten (A, K, Q, J, 10). Pair of tens – any of the following combinations: picture + picture, picture + ten, pair of tens.
What is a soft and hard hand?
Hard hand – a hand that does not have an ace (for example: K8, 23, 86).
Soft hand – all hands with an ace except blackjack. Its peculiarity is that you cannot get brute-force by taking one card (for example: A2, A3, A5).
What does “double” and “split” mean in blackjack?
Double (Double) – doubling the rate is possible after the player has been dealt 2 starting cards. After that, the player is immediately dealt one, the third card in a row, and he will not be able to make more moves in the current round.
Split – splitting a pair of cards into 2 different hands (only possible if the player has the same cards, for example: 66, AA, 22). After the split, the player delivers a bet equal to the original, and the original hand is split into 2, each of which is dealt one more card, and the player plays against the dealer with two separate hands.